A Guide to PPM (Planned Preventive Maintenance) Plans
An organisation’s premises may well be the most valuable asset that you own.
So, it stands to reason that you’d like to keep your property in good shape. The solution? Planned preventive maintenance!
Without effective PPM measures, your maintenance schedule will likely be more reactive. While reactive maintenance is often necessary, being proactive in your approach helps to stop things from going wrong in the first place, allowing your organisation to operate safely and effectively for extended periods of time.
WHAT IS PPM (PLANNED PREVENTATIVE MAINTENANCE)?
PPM (planned preventive maintenance), or scheduled maintenance, is a proactive approach to the maintenance of electrical, gas, water, heating and fire safety systems. Key maintenance jobs are scheduled to regularly take place, with detailed notes taken once it’s finished to ensure consistency.
This is done to ensure that your systems are in optimum condition at all times. Fail to do this, and you’ll find yourself rushing around trying to fix issues that could have been spotted and sorted months ago.
Types of PPM
PPM covers the whole spectrum of property management:
- Electrical safety standards
- Boiler servicing
- Gas safety certificate
- Roof inspections
- Network maintenance
- Energy performance certificate (EPC)
- Fire risk assessments
- Lifting operations and lifting equipment regulations
- AOV servicing
- Emergency light testing
- Cold water storage tank chlorination
Regular PPM will likely require the input from a variety of specialists, which might seem like a large investment at the time, but the costs of regular PPM are dwarfed by the costs of a disaster caused by a lack of PPM.
It’s always more expensive to fix a major error, versus paying to prevent it. Take electrical PPM, for example.
Example of PPM
Business A choose not to implement a PPM plan, while Business B have a comprehensive, regular maintenance schedule.
Business A suffer from a mild electrical fire. Their sprinkler system dealt with the blaze, but damaged many of their systems in the process. Business A now have to spend a lot of money rebuilding their electrical systems, and carrying out further surveys in their building to ensure nothing else is going to imminently go wrong.
Business B, on the other hand, spotted a small fault during their regular PPM. This fault would have eventually caused the same fire, but their maintenance team spotted the fault and have rectified it before it has a chance to become an issue.
Business A spends thousands replacing their systems and endure a lot of downtime, Business B spends a little, and remain safely in business.
If you need help implementing an electrical PPM plan, get in touch with our experts today.
5 KEY BENEFITS OF PLANNED PREVENTATIVE MAINTENANCE
In addition to the above, there are a whole host of great benefits of PPM.
1. Ensure health and safety compliance
Electrical, gas and water failures can all result in severe harm.
By maintaining your systems, you’re proactively ensuring that you’re fully compliant and in adherence with the law.
2. Use budgets more efficiently
Regular maintenance spreads costs over the course of the year, rather than being lumped with a sudden, unexpected (and often large) sum.
3. Meet warranty requirements
Many manufacturers require PPM in order to maintain warranties. Should you fail to maintain your systems, manufacturers may void your warranty.
4. Add value to your property
A well-maintained property will always be far more desirable to potential buyers over one that’s in disrepair.
By showing a clear history of PPM, you’re demonstrating that the building has been properly cared for.
5. Avoid unplanned repairs
Unplanned repairs are frustrating, and can take a fair while to rectify.
It could take days for an engineer to finally get around to seeing you, and (as mentioned above) can cost an arm and a leg.
WHAT SECTORS BENEFIT FROM PPM?
Most organisations who have permanent premises should implement a PPM plan. However, more specifically:
Preventive maintenance plan for schools
PPM is crucial for schools and other education buildings, especially ones who rely heavily on their IT systems and network(s).
Schools should conduct regular electrical, data cabling, water, fire risk & gas safety checks. Protecting your staff and students should be the utmost priority, and regular PPM is the best way to do so.
Preventive maintenance plan for shared office space owners
Unplanned errors often result in downtime in any organisation, which can prove catastrophic for businesses working in shared office spaces.
By conducting regular, comprehensive PPM (or encouraging your landlord to do so), you’re working to ensure that your company remains in business at all times, positively impacting your bottom line by preventing all downtime.
Preventive maintenance plan for retail
Retail businesses need to be agile and able to react to trends, and should be 100% sure that their customers are safe while shopping.
By keeping your systems maintained, your retail business is allowed the confidence to alter displays, welcome customers and ensure that your stock remains safe from unnecessary damage.
Preventive maintenance plan for hospitals & medical buildings
System errors can mean the difference between life and death in hospitals.
It can be easy to presume that everything is working well, especially when there aren’t any obvious faults or issues. This is why PPM is essential in hospitals – it will identify underlying issues and rectify them before they cause harm.
HOW TO CREATE A PREVENTATIVE MAINTENANCE PLAN
Before you create a PPM plan, you’ll need to know what type of maintenance you’re after.
- Time based PPM – This is where you get your systems checked every X months (this will vary depending on the equipment/systems). Engineers might recommend that they give your systems a once over every 6 months, for example.
- Usage based PPM – This is best when you’re using a system/piece of equipment regularly. This can be something like usage hours (how many hours a network is at full capacity, for example), or distance/other benchmark, such as mileage or production cycles.
- Condition based PPM – This is the process of looking out for specific conditions in your system before conducting maintenance. Some systems feature key indicators that can be used to determine when maintenance is required (excessive vibrations, rattling, etc.).
You’ll want to talk to industry specialists before making this decision, as every piece of equipment/system is different.
For example, our engineers at Whitestar recommend that our clients’ electrical systems are checked every 5 years, keeping them functional and safe.
Creating your PPM
A PPM plan will need implementing, testing, tweaking and retesting! It’s a process that will consistently improve with time.
We recommend creating a four-stage approach:
- Plan – Put together a list of all systems/equipment that you feel your organisation should be monitoring. Include as much detail as possible, including installation dates, usage, etc.
- Perform – Follow your plan, checking and maintaining specific aspects with the help of industry experts.
- Assess – Check failure metrics, what’s gone wrong, what’s needed fixing etc. This will help to inform the next stage.
- Adjust – Adjust your plan, making certain checks more/less common or intensive. Once this is done, return to the plan stage and repeat!
This is an ongoing process that will get easier/more efficient with time.
DISADVANTAGES OF PREVENTATIVE MAINTENANCE
The main, and only, thing to be aware of when conducting PPM, is that you should avoid over testing.
It’s incredibly easy to get carried away, booking in maintenance way too often. This is costly and unnecessary; keeping your PPM spread out over the course of the year is far more efficient and cost effective.
EFFECTIVE DATA CABLING & ELECTRICAL PPM SUPPORT FROM WHITESTAR
At Whitestar, we provide ongoing, people-focused electrical and data maintenance services to our clients, keeping their organisational systems healthy, safe and (most importantly) functional.
Get in touch with our specialists today – we’re on hand to advise on ongoing support plans for your crucial systems.
Alternatively, call us on 01442 234808, or email us at email@example.com.